Contents

Introduction xii

Map Set 1: Preparing for a New Kind of War

Map 1.1: The Confederate Army in Winter Quarters 0

Map 1.2: The Union Army in Winter Quarters 0

Map 1.3: The Union Army Experiences Major Changes 0

Map 1.4: The Union Army Prepares for the Spring Campaign 0

Map 1.5: The Confederate Army Prepares for the Spring Campaign 00

Map Set 2: The Armies Approach the Wilderness

Map 2.1 Grant Plans His Route 00

Map 2.2 Grant Prepares to Put the Army in Motion (May 2) 00

Map 2.3 The Offensive Begins (May 3- 4) 00

Map 2.4: The March Into the Wilderness (May 4) 18

Map 2.5 Lee Puts his Army in Motion (May 4) 20

Map Set 3: May 5: Initial Contact

Map 3.1: May 5: The Wilderness Battlefield 22

Map 3.2: May 5: The Confederate Army Moves East (4:00 - 5:00 a.m.) 24

Map 3.3: The Federal March Begins (5:00 - 6:00 a.m.) 26

Map 3.4: May 5: Griffin's Men See the Enemy (6:00 a.m.) 28

Map 3.5: Initial Encounter (7:15 a.m.) 30

Map 3.6: Meade Halts His Army (7:30 - 8:30 a.m.) 32

Map 3.7: Wilson's Cavalry Clashes with the Enemy (8:00 - 8:30 a.m.) 34

Map 3.8: General Grant Arrives (8:30 - 11:00 a.m.) 36

Map 3.9: Getty's Division Saves the Day (11:00 - 11:30 a.m.) 38

Map Set 4: The Fight for Saunders' Field (May 5)

Map 4.1: Grant, Meade, and Warren Lose their Patience (11:30 - noon) 40

Map 4.2: Warren Maneuvers into Position (Noon - 1:00) 42

Map 4.3: Griffin's Attack Begins (1:00 - 1:15 p.m.) 44

Map 4.4: The Two Sides Engage (1:15 - 1:30 p.m.) 46

Map 4.5: The Tale of Two Union Brigades (1:15 - 1:30 p.m.) 48

Map 4.6: Griffin Withdraws (1:30 - 2:00 p.m.) 50

Map 4.7: The Fight for Shelton's Guns (2:00 - 2:30 p.m.) 52

Map Set 5: Wadsworth's Division Enters the Fight (May 5)

Map 5.1: Wadsworth's Division Prepares for Action (1:00 - 1:15 p.m.) 54

Map 5.2: Wadsworth Engages Rodes' Division (1:15 - 1:30 p.m.) 56

Map 5.3: Wadsworth's Men Begin to Break (1:30 - 1:45 p.m.) 58

Map 5.4: Gordon Smashes into the Iron Brigade (2:00 - 2:30 p.m.) 60

Map 5.5: Wadsworth's Division in Full Retreat (2:00 - 2:30 p.m.) 62

Map 5.6: Retreat Back to the Lacy House (2:00 - 2:30 p.m.) 64

Map 5.7: The Fighting Ends on Warren's Front (2:30 - 3:00 p.m.) 66

Map 5.8: Warren Reforms His V Corps (3:00 p.m.) 68

Map Set 6: Wright's Division Engages the Confederate Left (May 5)

Map 6.1: Wright Approaches its Jumping-off Point (3:00 p.m.) 70

Map 6.2: Wright Advances Against the Enemy (3:00 - 3:30 p.m.) 72

Map 6.3: Initial Contact (3:30 - 3:45 p.m.) 74

Map 6.4: The Stonewall Brigade Makes a Stand (3:00 - 4:00 p.m.) 76

Map 6.5: Stafford's Tigers Fight Russell's

and Neill's Brigades (3:00 - 3:30 p.m.) 78

Map 6.6: Hays' Louisianians Enter the Fight (3:30 - 4:30 p.m.) 80

Map 6.7: Stalemate (5:00 - 5:30 p.m.) 82

Map Set 7: The Attack is Renewed Against the Confederate Left (May 5)

Map 7.1: Seymour's Brigade Reinforces

the Federal Right (4:00 - 6:00 p.m.) 84

Map 7.2: Seymour's Brigade Advances to the Attack (6:00 - 7:00 p.m.) 86

Map 7.3: The Renewed Union Offensive North

of the Turnpike Fails (7:00 - 8:00 p.m.) 88

Map Set 8: The Orange Plank Road:

Getty and Heth Battle for the Crossroads (May 5)

Map 8.1: Getty Prepares for Action (3:30 - 4:00 p.m.) 90

Map 8.2: Getty Attacks Heth (4:00 - 4:15 p.m.) 92

Map 8.3: Getty and Heth Fight to a Stalemate (4:15 - 5:00 p.m.) 94

Map 8.4: Heth Counterattacks (5:00 - 5:45 p.m.) 96

Map Set 9: Getty is Reinforced on the Orange Plank Road (May 5)

Map 9.1: The II Corps Approaches (9:00 a.m. - 2:30 p.m.) 98

Map 9.2: The II Corps Begins Reinforcing Getty (2:30 - 4:30 p.m.) 100

Map 9.3: Three II Corps Brigades Enter the Fray (4:30 - 5:30 p.m.) 102

Map 9.4: Mott's Division is Defeated (4:30 - 5:30 p.m.) 104

Map 9.5: Hays's and Ward's Brigades

Engage Heth's Division (4:30 - 5:30 p.m.) 106

Map 9.6: Hancock Feeds More Troops into the Fight (4:30 - 5:30 p.m.) 108

Map Set 10: Wilcox's Division and the Rest of

Hancock's II Corps Enter the Fight (May 5)

Map 10.1: Wilcox's Division Approaches Heth's Line (2:30 - 5:30 p.m.) 110

Map 10.2: Reinforcements Move into the

Plank Road Sector (5:30 - 6:30 p.m.) 112

Map 10.3: The Reinforcements Prepare for Action (5:30 - 6:30 p.m.) 114

Map 10.4: McGowan's Brigade Takes

on Gibbon's Division (5:30 - 6:30 p.m.) 116

Map 10.5: The Remainder of Wilcox's Division Arrives (6:00 - 7:30 p.m.) 118

Map 10.6: Lane's Brigade Slugs it out

with Barlow's Division (6:30 - 7:30 p.m.) 120

Map 10.7: More Union Troops Threaten

A. P. Hill's Flanks (7:30 - 9:00 p.m.) 122

Map Set 11: Afternoon Cavalry Actions (May 5)

Map 11.1: Wilson's Division Escapes (12:00 - 2:30 p.m.) 124

Map 11.2: Gregg's Division Stems

the Confederate Advance (2:30 - 7:00 p.m.) 126

Map Set 12: The May 5 Fighting Ends,

and the Armies Prepare for May 6

Map 12.1: The Fighting Finally Ends (9:00 - 10:00 p.m.) 128

Map 12.2: Meade and Grant Prepare for May 6 (9:00 p.m.) 130

Map 12.3: Lee Prepares for May 6 (9:00 p.m. - 1:00 a.m.) 132

Map 12.4: Lee's Gamble (1:00 - 5:00 a.m.) 134

MAP SET 13: Fighting Begins on the Union Right

Map 13.1: Fighting on the Union Right Flank (4:30 - 7:00 a.m.) 136

Map 13.2: Burnside's Difficult Journey (2:00 - 5:00 a.m.) 138

Map 13.3: Warren Hesitates (5:30 - 7:30 a.m.) 140

MAP SET 14: Hancock Strikes A. P. Hill's Third Corps

Map 14.1: Hill Rests while Hancock Prepares (Midnight - 4:30 a.m.) 142

Map 14.2: Hancock Attacks (5:00 a.m.) 144

Map 14.3: Hancock Drives A. P. Hill:

The Fighting South of Plank Road (5:00 - 5:45 a.m.) 146

Map 14.4: Hancock and Wadsworth Drive A. P. Hill:

The Fighting North of Plank Road (5:00 - 5:45 a.m.) 148

Map 14.5: A. P. Hill's Front Collapses (5:00 - 5:45 a.m.) 150

MAP SET 15: Longstreet Reaches the Battlefield

Map 15.1: Robert E. Lee in Crisis (5:45 - 6:00 a.m.) 152

Map 15.2: Longstreet Finally Arrives (6:00 - 6:30 a.m.) 154

Map 15.3: Longstreet Deploys for Action (6:00 - 6:30 a.m.) 156

Map Set 16: Longstreet Counterattacks

North of the Orange Plank Road

Map 16.1: Gregg's Texans' Crash into

the Federal Line (5:45 a.m. - 7:00 a.m.) 158

Map 16.2: "Rock" Benning's Georgians

Enter the Fray (5:45 a.m. - 7:00 a.m.) 160

Map 16.3: Perry's Brigade Attacks (7:00 - 8:00 a.m.) 162

Map 16.4: Perry's Brigade Continues Its Advance (7:00 a.m. - 8:00 a.m.) 164

Map 16.5: Perry's Right Fights the 37th Massachusetts and

Part of Carroll's Brigade (8:00 - 9:00 a.m.) 166

Map 16.6: The Federal Line North of

the Plank Road Holds (8:00 - 9:00 a.m.) 168

Map 16.7: The Collapse of the Federals North of

the Plank Road (9:00 - 10:00 a.m.) 170

Map Set 17: Longstreet Counterattacks South of the Orange Plank Road

Map 17.1: Henegan Drives into the Enemy Line (5:45 a.m. - 7:00 a.m.) 172

Map 17.2: More Confederate Troops

Enter the Fighting (5:45 a.m. - 7:00 a.m.) 174

Map 17.3: Hancock Attempts to

Stabilize the Front (7:00a.m. - 8:00 a.m.) 176

Map 17.4: Kershaw Pressures Hancock's Line (7:00a.m. 8:00 a.m.) 178

MAP SET 18: Cavalry Action Along the Brock Road

Map 18.1: Custer Encounters Rosser's Brigade (7:00 - 8:30 a.m.) 180

Map 18.2: The Custer - Rosser Fight Escalates (8:30 - 10:00 a.m.) 182

Map 18.3: Custer Victorious (10:00 - 11:30 a.m.) 184

Map Set 19: Federal Command Confusion

Map 19.1: Burnside's Trials and Travails (2:00 - 8:00 a.m.) 186

Map 19.2: Hancock's Dilemma (7:00 - 9:00 a.m.) 188

Map 19.3: Stalemate on the Federal Left (9:00 - 9:15 a.m.) 190

Map 19.4: Hancock and Lee Realign Their Troops (9:30 - 10:30 a.m.) 192

Map Set 20: Longstreet Assaults Hancock's Left Flank

Map 20.1: Longstreet Plans an Offensive (9:00 - 10:00 a.m.) 194

Map 20.2: Sorrel Gets into Position (10:00 - 11:00 a.m.) 196

Map 20.3: Sorrel Launches the Attack (11:00 a.m. - noon) 198

Map 20.4: Sorrel's Attack Grinds Toward

the Orange Plank Road (11:00 a.m. - noon) 200

Map 20.5: Actions North of the Orange Plank Road (11:00 a.m. - Noon) 202

Map 20.6: The Last of the Federal Line Collapses (Noon - 1:00 p.m.) 204

Map 20.7: Longstreet is Wounded;

The Flank Attack Ends (1:00 - 2:00 p.m.) 206

Map 20.8: The Combatants Regroup (1:00 - 2:00 p.m.) 208

Map Set 21: Burnside Finally Hits the Gap

Map 21.1: Burnside Arrives on Longstreet's Flank (1:00 - 1:30 p.m.) 210

Map 21.2: Potter's Union Division Attacks

the Confederate Left North of the Plank Road (1:30 - 2:30 p.m.) 212

Map 21.3: The Fighting Intensifies (2:30 - 4:00 p.m.) 214

Map 21.4: Stalemate (4:00 - 5:00 p.m.) 216

Map Set 22: Final Actions on the Federal Left

Map 22.1: Hancock Redeploys his Men (2:00 - 4:00 p.m.) 218

Map 22.2: The Confederates Begin Attack

Against the Brock Road Line (4:00 - 5:00 p.m.) 220

Map 22.3: The Confederates Breach

the Brock Road Line (5:00 - 6:00 p.m.) 222

Map 22.4: Hancock Repulses

the Last Confederate Attack (5:00 - 6:00 p.m.) 224

Map Set 23: Gordon Attacks the Federal Right (6:00 a.m. - 10:30 p.m.)

Map 23.1: Gordon has a Plan (6:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m.) 226

Map 23.2: Inaction on the Federal Right (8:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.) 228

Map 23.3: Gordon Prepares to Launch his Attack (2:00 - 6:00 p.m.) 230

Map 23.4: Gordon's Attack Gains Momentum (6:00 - 8:00 p.m.) 232

Map 23.5: Gordon's Attack Loses Steam (8:00 - 9:00 p.m.) 234

Map 23.6: Gordon's Attack Grinds to a Halt (9:00 - 10:30 p.m.) 236

Map Set 24: The Battle Ends (May 6 - May7, 1864)

Map 24.1: Federal Opportunities Gained

and Lost (May 6, 10:00 - May 7, 11:00 a.m.) 238

Map 24.2: Confederate Opportunities Gained and Lost (May 5-6) 240

24.3: The Campaign Continues (May 7, 1864) 242

Appendix 1: Orders of Battle 244

Endnotes 257

Bibliography 295

Index 312