The Boy Generals: George Custer, Wesley Merritt and the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, from the Gettysburg Retreat through the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864

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Adolfo Ovies
Pub Date:
November 2023
Hardcover, 6 x 9
15 maps, 35 images, 408 pages
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Click HERE to read the front matter including the Foreword, Preface, and Prologue

About the Book

 The second installment of Al Ovies’ The Boy Generals trilogy, George Custer, Wesley Merritt and the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, from the Gettysburg Retreat through the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864, encompasses a period jammed with tumultuous events for the cavalry on and off the battlefield and a significant change of command at the top.

Once below the Potomac River, the Union troopers raced down the east side of the Blue Ridge Mountains but were unable to prevent General Lee’s wounded Army of Northern Virginia from reaching Culpeper. The balance of the 1863 was a series of maneuvers, raids, and fighting that witnessed the near-destruction of the Michigan Cavalry Brigade at Buckland Mills and the indecisive and frustrating efforts of the Bristoe Station and Mine Run campaigns. Alfred Pleasonton’s controversial command of the mounted arm ended abruptly, only to be replaced by the more controversial Philip H. Sheridan, whose combustible personality intensified the animosity burning between George Custer and Wesley Merritt.

Victory and glory followed the Cavalry Corps during the early days of Overland campaign, particularly at Yellow Tavern, where Rebel cavalier Jeb Stuart was mortally wounded. The “spirited rivalry” between Custer and Merritt, in turn, took a turn for the worse. At Trevilian Station, the bitterness and rancor permeating their relationship broke into the open to include harsh official reports critical of the other’s actions. Merritt’s elevation to temporary command of the 1st Cavalry Division cemented their rancor.

Just as their relationship worsened, so too did the tenor of the war darken as the sieges of Richmond and Petersburg ground on, and Confederate partisan Col. John S. Mosby intensified guerrilla operations that disrupted Union logistics in the Shenandoah Valley. When Gen. Ulysses Grant demanded that Sheridan escalate retribution, the cavalry commander delivered his infamous edict to “eat out Virginia clear and clean as far as they go, so that crows flying over it for the balance of the season will have to carry their provender with them.” Much of the gritty task fell on the shoulders of the boy generals.

Adolfo Ovies’ well-researched and meticulously detailed account of the increasingly dysfunctional relationship between Custer and Merritt follows the same entertaining style in the first installment. The Boy Generals changes the way Civil War enthusiasts will understand and judge the actions of the Union’s bold riders.


Advance Praise


“Al Ovies combines an impressive array of source material and intricate analysis to craft a historical gem. This is a must-read for anyone interested in Civil War cavalry and later war actions in the Eastern Theater.” — Scott Patchan, author of The Last Battle of Winchester: Phil Sheridan, Jubal Early, and the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, August 7–September 19, 1864


“The second installment of Al Ovies’s gripping dual biography of George Custer and Wesley Merritt follows those two ambitious boy generals from Gettysburg’s controversial aftermath through U. S. Grant’s Overland Campaign and into the first month of Phil Sheridan’s effort to devastate the Shenandoah Valley. Success only intensified their rivalry, as each man strove to outdo the other.” — Gregory J. W. Urwin, author of Custer Victorious: The Civil War Battles of General George Armstrong Custer


“Ovies’s deeply considered ground-breaking study of George Custer and Wesley Merritt continues through the period when grand cavalry charges gave way to the dismounted slugfests of the Overland Campaign and the vicious personal combat in the Shenandoah. The personal conflict sparked by this tactical evolution reveals even more about their personalities and leadership styles that fueled the rivalry between ‘the Boy Generals.’” — Robert O’Neill, author of Small but Important Riots: The Cavalry Battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville








Adolfo Ovies migrated to the United States from Cuba in 1960 and made his new home in Connecticut. With Gettysburg just a hop, skip, and jump away, the ten-year-old Adolfo made his first trip to the battlefield. It turned out to be one of the most impactful moments of his young life, as the American Civil War bug bit him deeply. The roguish Errol Flynn’s mesmerizing portrayal of Custer in the movie They Died with Their Boots On not only captured the elusive nature of Custer’s flamboyant personality but provided Adolfo with an intriguing hero. The Boy Generals springs from this lifetime passion for the Civil War, and Custer’s role in particular. The author resides with his wife Juliet in Miami, Florida. The first volume, George Custer, Wesley Merritt, and the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, was published in 2021.